Teferi Girma Bekele
Faculty/Department: Research and plan, Addis Ababa, Hayahulet Mazoria
Abstract The study provides empirical indication on the road traffic accident cause and effect on socio economic of Addis Ababa city. The purpose of the study is to identify the main cause of road traffic accident in Addis Ababa, to look challenges of road safety and to forecast the impact of traffic accident on both human life and property. The study utilizes descriptive statistics like maximum, minimum, percentage, graphs and charts. And also the study employs VAR model to identify the main cause of traffic accident interims of human death, human injury, and property damaged. The road traffic accident effects are human death, human injury and human property damaged. It is challenges to least developed countries specially sub Saharan African. Traffic accident kills above 450 people annually in Addis Ababa and the study forecast that Addis Ababa will loss above 600 million birr in next five years if the challenge is not combat. For this problem speed takes the first role, the next is pedestrian fault. Road damage, drug user driver and their ethics has also the big impact on road safety and flow in Addis Ababa. The road carnage has severe impact on the human, social and economic development. The study finding could stimulate discussion and to inform policy makers in traffic safety policy formation. Education road use for passenger and driver, enforcement, differentiating pedestrian road from car road by traffic management are ultimately recommended.