Journal of Environment, Earth Sciences and Ecology is an international peer-reviewed open access journal that aims to foster interdisciplinary communication and promote understanding of significant environmental, earth and Ecological issues. The journal seeks to publish cutting edge, significant and novel research, theoretical and experimental frontier articles in all disciplines of environment, earth sciences and Ecological studies. The journal covers ecology of plants (including algae), in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, Environmental chemistry, greenhouse gas abatement and climate change, environmental resilience, environmental microbiology and biotechnology, industrial environment and technology, geo-sciences, environmental physics, basic and applied research on atmospheric, pollution control and abatement technology, conservation of natural resources, environmental health and toxicology.
Papers addressing all other aspect of enviroment, Earth and Ecology with significant contribution is welcomed
Jing Hou: College of Environmental Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University
Prof. Jiuhui Qu: Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
Susan Richardson: University of Missouri, USA
Chandra Prakash Kala: Indian Institute of Forest Management, India
Panos V. Petrakis: National Agricultural Research Foundation, Greece
Degife Asefa Zebire: Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agricultural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Yeneayehu Fenetahun: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
Min-Cheng (Peter) Tu: Department of Civil and Environment Engineering, Villanova University, Villanova, Pennsylvania
Syeda Sana Aamir: PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
Wokoma, Okorinama Abarinkia Francis: Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuorlumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State
Naluba, G. N.: Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education Port Harcourt, Nigeria
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN LOKOJA, KOGI STATE NIGERIA
Umar, Tauheed Ibrahim, Ph.D and Ihekwoaba, Ebelechukwu Nwaoma
Abstract: The problem of effective solid wastes management has been a major issue of concern in most urban areas of developing countries. The research works examine the sources and nature of solid wastes and the management of solid wastes in Lokoja Metropolis. It presents analysis of the problems and suggests a way of overcoming the problems. The researcher made use of questionnaires, combined with personal observation. The study reveals that there is indiscriminate dumping of refuse in the area. The Local government which is entrusted with the responsibilities of managing the area, including the removal of wastes materials is not making adequate effort in living up to its responsibility, the research suggest the need for enlightenment campaign both on the part of the Local government and the citizens, provision of wastes bins, delivery vehicles and enforcement of environmental sanitation Law
EVALUATION OF BIOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND HISTOPHATOLOGY ON ALBINO RATS EXPOSED DERMALLY TO TANNERY EFFLUENT FROM CHALLAWA INDUSTRIAL AREA KANO, NIGERIA
B.B, Yusif, K.A, Bichi, O.A, Oyekunle, P.Y, Garba and A Anteyi
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of tannery effluent on biochemical constituent in the blood and histophatology on Albino rats. The albino rats are exposed to tannery effluent with different concentrations for 28 days. Tannery effluent was found to significantly increase the level of alanine transaminase ALT while aspertate tranaminase AST and alkaline phosphatase ALP remain normal. The 28 days dermal toxicity does not significantly affect all the kidney function parameters tested which include: albumin, urea and createnine. Cholesterol, triglycerol, high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein as lipid profiles does not show significant increase or decrease. The histopathological changes observed in liver and kidney demonstrates the hazards nature of the effluent released to the environment. In the vital organs, the following marked changes were observed: Liver showed moderate hepatocellular necrosis, kidney showed destruction and necrosis of tubules with moderate glomerular necrosis while heart showed no damage
IMPACT OF FRESHWATER POLLUTION ON AQUATIC ORGANISMS: A REVIEW
Wokoma, Okorinama Abarinkia Francis Ph.D.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, P. M. B. 5047, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Abstract: This paper reviews the Impact of pollution of fresh water bodies on the well-being of aquatic organisms found in them. Fresh water constitutes an insignificant part of the total volume of water in the earth’s surface accounting for less than 1% of the whole, but it is extremely important to life on earth. Both natural and anthropogenic activities such as domestic, industrial and commercial have been shown to impair surface water quality (pollution) which in turn impacts adversely on the aquatic (fresh water) organisms found in them. Organism’s response to such pollutants are varied and could be in the form of migration, morphological, behavioural, histopathological, respiratory, reproductive or biochemical changes and above all death, which however, depends on the nature and concentration of the pollutant, the species and size of the organism etc.
STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE POST-HARVEST QUALITY AND SHELF LIFE OF PEACHES
Syeda Sana Aamir*, Muhammad Arshad Ullah
National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abstract: The aim of this review paper is to gather the available important information to know how the strategy of prolonging the shelf/storage life of peach by controlling various factors affecting its life. It contains the research works performed in the last decades concerning the various factors like disease management, chilling injury, internal breakdown and browning for increasing the shelf life of peaches. Although many studies have demonstrated the efficacy of alternative postharvest treatments but only a few of them are commercially applied, others although demonstrated but not adapted so far due to the limitations of cost, delays in registration processes or their efficacy. Therefore, these areas should be dealt to resolve the obstacles to make all these strategies available and adaptive in near future so that the shelf life and quality of peaches can be improved and its import can fetch good reputation and earn more income.
EVALUATION OF URBAN HOUSING DEVELOPMENT AND FLOODPLAIN LOSS IN THE PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS OF RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA
Naluba, G. N. Ph.D. and Oku, Hyginus Bariziga Ph.D.
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Abstract: The Port Harcourt metropolis which has a humble beginning as a fishing settlement some years ago has changed ecologically as most of the land-cover have been converted to residential and industrial units resulting to loss of the flood plain and its flow paths. This paper examines urban housing development and flood plan loss in the Port Harcourt metropolis in Rivers State, Nigeria. Data collection for the research was from primary and secondary sources. Out of a total of twenty five river basin communities in the study area, eight rivers basin communities were randomly selected representing 30% of the total communities. The sample and sampling techniques applied here was the purposive sampling method comprising of 500 landlords drawn from the sampled communities. The study instrument employed was the structured questionnaire while the simple percentages was used for the analysis of the research questions.